A method of fertilization known as in vitro fertilization (IVF) involves combining an egg and sperm “in the glass.” Monitoring and stimulating an individual’s ovulatory process, removing an ovum or ova (egg or eggs) from their ovaries, and allowing sperm to fertilize them in a culture medium in a laboratory are all part of the procedure. To achieve a successful pregnancy, the fertilized egg (zygote) is transferred into the uterus via a catheter after undergoing embryo culture for two to six days.
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What is IVF?
It is a type of assisted reproductive technology used to treat infertility, perform gestational surrogacy, and prevent the transmission of genetic conditions through pre-implantation genetic testing. It is possible for a fertilized egg from a donor to implant into the uterus of a surrogate, resulting in a child with no genetic connection to the surrogate. Fertility tourism has developed due to the availability of IVF treatment being restricted or otherwise regulated in some nations. For a woman to carry a healthy pregnancy to term, the availability of IVF is limited by cost and age. Test tube babies are commonly referred to as IVF babies.
Problems of female
When female infertility is caused by problems with the fallopian tubes, which make it hard to conceive in vivo, in vitro fertilization (IVF) can be used to get pregnant. In cases where there is a problem with the quality of the sperm, it can also help with male infertility; In these instances, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), in which a sperm cell is injected directly into an egg cell, may be utilized. This is used when sperm have trouble getting inside the egg. The partner’s or a donor’s sperm may be used in these situations. When the number of sperm is deficient, ICSI is also used. IVF success rates have been found to rise when ICSI is used appropriately.
IVF success rate
The percentage of successful IVF procedures is known as the IVF success rate. This result may represent the pregnancy rate, also known as the confirmed pregnancy rate, or the live birth rate, also known as the live birth rate, depending on the calculation method utilized. Variable factors like the mother’s age, the cause of infertility, the state of the embryo, her reproductive history, and her lifestyle all affect the success rate.
A mother’s age: IVF patients younger are more likely to become pregnant. With a donor egg, women over 41 are more likely to become pregnant.
How to IVF is conducted?
The goal of mild in vitro fertilization (IVF) is to produce 2 to 7 eggs and healthy embryos by administering a low dose of ovarian stimulating drugs for a brief period during the natural menstrual cycle. This method, which focuses on quality rather than quantity of eggs and embryos, is a breakthrough in minimizing complications and side effects for women.
Studies related to IVF
One study found that when a favorable treatment (mild ovarian stimulation with a GnRH antagonist co-treatment and single embryo transfer) was compared to a standard treatment (stimulation with a GnRH agonist long-protocol and transfer of two embryos), 43.4% of cumulative pregnancies with a term live birth occurred after one year with the favorable treatment. In contrast, 44.7% of cumulative pregnancies occurred with the standard treatment. With a significantly lower risk of multiple gestations and OHSS, mild IVF can be less expensive than conventional IVF.